Tibetan texts concerning laws and legal practices are listed on this web-site.

The texts date primarily from Tibet’s medieval period, between the end of the early empire and the formation of the Dalai Lamas’ Ganden Podrang government.

THE TEXTS include summaries of these documents, their contexts, and source references, together with transliterations and translations of the most relevant passages.

THE BLOG posts contain some analyses of these texts, considered in their social and political contexts, together with thoughts on Tibetan law in general.

This site is the product of an AHRC-funded project, Legal Ideology in Tibet: Politics, Practice, and Religion.

The turquoise dragon: symbol of political status?

Posted on: Fri, 07/13/2018 - 14:12 By: Fernanda Pirie

The Khrims gnyis lta ba’i me long (The mirror of the two laws) is the earliest (known) Tibetan legal treatise. Created in the late fourteenth or early fifteenth centuries, it contains fifteen edicts, the zhal lce bco lnga, which provided inspiration for later legal texts. They are introduced as the g.yu ’brug sgrog pa’i zhal lce so sor bshad pa, ‘an explanation of the edicts, which are (like) the roar of a turquoise dragon’.